CATHEDRAL OF PAMPLONA
A gothic cathedral built under the patronage of the Navarra Kings (Charles III and Leonor of Trastamara) in the XV. century. Taking place where the previous Romanesque cathedral collapsed.
Placed in the central nave is the sepulcher of the kings Charles III and Leonor. It is a funeral monument made of alabaster and marble by Jehan Lome of Tournay in XV century. It surprises its naturalness and realism in the figures, being the figure of the king an accurate portrait of itself.
Since it is a pilgrimage cathedral, t contains an ambulatory which surrounds the whole presbytery with four adjacent chapels.
||French gothic styled and built up in XIV century over the previous Romanesque destroyed after the Navarreria battle, at the end of the XIII century. It is considered the best preserved cloister in whole Europe.
|The cloister also establishes a XVI century over clause used as a recreational area for the canons for winter months. It can access to this place by a plaster spiral staircase built up in the same period. A Mudejar gothic styled over clause as can be appreciate in the flaming baluster decoration and in the colored tiles. It is located inside a Romanic tower of XI century which rotates 4 times around itself.
||As well as the cloister, it is a gothic styled building of the XIV century. It was the place where the canons use to eat together in silence while one of them read the Holy Scriptures from the pulpit. It also was used for political and royal events, hence the reason why vaults reflect the shields of Europe Kingdom and the courts of Navarra.
With 10060 kg and located in the northern tower, it’s the second biggest bell of all cathedrals in Spain after Toledo´s and the biggest one in use. When they blow it, you can listen to it throughout Pamplona´s basin all around 15 km.
Since XVIII century to the latest XX this was the place where the Pamplona cathedral bell-ringers families lived. The bells were the only media of yesteryear population. Therefore the bells were daily stroked and there was a person who was responsible of it.
That’s the reason why the bell-ringers use to life in the cathedral, and thus being the central building of the city. As the bell-ringers didn’t get high wages, they had to perform different tasks at the cathedral, as maintenance, cleaning and even prepare to dress canons when they died.
It was a generational replacing job, keeping always the same home. The neo classic styled architecture its work of Ventura Rodriguez (1783), but it was carried out by Santos Angel Ochandategui between 1783 and 1801. Still subject to be held the figures of the Pamplona and Navarra which appear in the original design: San Saturnino, San Francisco Javier, San Honesto and San Fermín. This façade replaced the previous Romanic one after the collapse of the previous Romanic church, the reason why this cathedral never had a gothic façade.
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